In the new millennium, the challenges met by the present day farmers are quite different from those met by their predecessors. The enormous pressure upon the framers, specially small and marginal one to grow more food on less land has made them information hungry. Now days, a sound knowledge base is as critical input in agriculture for them as are the other inputs such as seed, fertilizer and water.
Under such circumstance, the role of extension education assumes a new significance. The Rajendra Agricultural University through Directorate of Extension Education is effectively playing this role.
This Directorate was established in the year 1977 as a statutory wing of the University. Prior to this, the extension activities were controlled by the State Government. The objective behind creation of this Directorate was to establish a close linkage between the technology generation and technology dissemination units and establish linkages between State Department of Agriculture, University, ICAR and other Institutes.
Mandates of the Directorate
There are five mandates of the Directorate of Extension Education. They are
Training for field functionaries, farmers, unemployed youths, housewives and others are organized at two levels, at the University level and at KVK. The University level trainings are organized at its headquarter and other campuses of the University mainly to the field functionaries and subject matter specialists for updating the scientific knowledge and to improve the technical skill of the officers of different state line departments and NGOs. Training programmes for farmers/farmwomen and unemployed rural youth are mainly organized at all Krishi Vigyan Kendras on a routine basis. Primarily, trainings are intended to address problems of under-employment, unemployment and malnutrition in rural areas through diversification of agriculture andpromotion of horticulture, fisheries, dairy, livestock, poultry, beekeeping, sericulture, etc.
Support to agricultural extension is carried out mainly through organization of State/district level Kisan Melas; publication of Kisan Diary; publication of leaflets/pumplets Radio/T.V. talks etc.
- In many areas, low agricultural productivity is an outcome of a lack of awareness. The university publications are to make the growers well acquainted with the latest production technologies.
- The University publishes every year Adhunik Kisan Diary. This diary contains information related to agro-climatic conditions prevailing in the state including the soil structure. The packages of practices related to various crops, the cultivation of which are possible in these agro-climatic conditions are also included in the dairy.
- University also publishes a monthly magazine in Hindi which is named Adhunik Kisan Patrica. It includes the relevant articles pertaining to the crop season. In addition to this, a number of bulletins and folders on package of practices of crops, livestock production, fish culture, bee keeping, mushroom cultivation, poultry etc are also published on regular basis.
- The RAU News letter is brought out quarterly to provide the latest information on activities of the colleges, research centers and KVKs.
The farm Advisory services comprises of scientists visits to villages, farmers visit to research station and replies to farmers queries through postal correspondence.
Agromet Advisory Services Project (Dept. of Science & Technology, Govt. of India) has achieved success in creating awareness among the farmers about the importance of weather in agricultural decision making. Meteorological data recorded at Pusa Agromet Observatory are sent to Mausam Bhawan on regular basis. On every Tuesday and Friday medium range weather forecast from National Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Noida are received and in anticipation of weather forecasts, Agromet Advisory bulletins are prepared on the recommendation from various subject matter specialists/scientists of the university.
These advisory bulletins are then sent to the farming community through mass media and also through personal contacts for their day-to-day agricultural decision making. Feedbacks are collected from farmers for economic impact analysis and to know from them how much economic benefit they get by following our weather forecast based agro-met advisory. Verification and reliability of forecast using actual weather observations of local agr9o met observatory are carried out on seasonal basis and are reported to National Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Noida. Besides, weather reports particularly during inclement weather situation are prepared to meet the needs of media and other agencies.
The establishment of Agricultural Technology Information Center (ATIC) has provided a mechanism beyond individual units of research institution in contributing towards the dissemination o information. This has served as a single window system with an objective to help the farmers and other stakeholders both to provide solutions to their problems and make available all technological information along with technology products for their transfer and use.
Through this center, the Directorate is serving farming community by providing the most important input i.e. knowledge input along with other inputs such as seeds of different high yielding varieties of various crops, graft & gooties of horticultural crops, fertilizers and publications of the University.
In an information age, the role of appropriate information package and its dissemination assumes a portal role. It is not only important to generate information but also to see that the required information are delivered to the end users at the earliest and that too without any dissemination loss. Krishi Vigyan Kendra is a front line extension system and a lighthouse for the farming community fulfilling this need. It works upon the principles of learning by doing and seeing is believing.
The list of KVKs operating in different districts, under the jurisdiction of Rajendra Agricultural University, with their contact details is as below:
|SN||KVKs||Programme Coordinator||Mobile||E.mail ID|
|KVKs under the control of RAU|
|1.||Begusarai||Dr. S. N. Singhfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|2.||Darbhanga||Dr. Anupma Kumariemail@example.com|
|3.||East Champaran||Dr. K. K. Jhafirstname.lastname@example.org|
|4.||Gopalganj||Dr. R. K. Royemail@example.com|
|5.||Muzaffarpur||Dr. Jitendra Kumarfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|6.||Samastipur||Dr. Sunita Kumari I/Cemail@example.com|
|7.||Saran||Dr. R. K. Jhafirstname.lastname@example.org|
|8.||Sheohar||Er. Reyaz Ahmademail@example.com|
|9.||Siwan||Dr. R. K. Mandalfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|10.||Vaishali||Dr. Devendra Kumaremail@example.com|
|11.||West Champaran||Dr. Sudhir Dasfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|KVKs under the control of NGOs|
|12.||Madhubani||Dr. M.N. Jhaemail@example.com|
|13.||Sitamarhi||Dr. R. Eshwar Prasadfirstname.lastname@example.org|