Department of Agronomy
Prior to the establishment of Rajendra Agricultural University (RAU) post-graduate teaching programme was carried out at Bihar Agriculture College, Sabour and Ranchi Agriculture College, Kanke under Bhagalpur and Ranchi University, respectively. After establishment of RAU, post-graduate teaching programme was started in the year 1972 at Dholi campus of RAU which in turn was shifted to main campus at Pusa during 1980. In the beginning P.G. teaching was started with 08 students. Keeping in view the large requirements of the Agronomist for various sectors the in-take capacity was enhanced to 14 Students per year. Doctoral programme was started in the year 1980 with in-take capacity of 04 students per year. Since the start of the post-graduate teaching, Agronomy department has altogether awarded 349 M.Sc. and 65 Ph.D. degrees.
The Department of Agronomy came into existence as one of the seven departments at the time of establishment of the Rajendra Agricultural University in the year 1972. It played a pivotal role in providing linkage to allied departments and constituent colleges of the University. The department has excellent infrastructure of well-equipped laboratories and research farm. These are well supported by technical and field staff for proper conduction of research as well as farm practical of undergraduate students, both by faculty and post graduate students.
The department offers comprehensive and dynamic resident instructions for M.Sc. and Ph.D. programmes in five fields of specialization viz. crop nutrition, crop physiology, water management, cropping system and weed science. Each field of specialization is headed by a senior professor level teacher and supported by well equipped laboratories with highly qualified faculty. The department has provided much required manpower for various development agencies. Some of our faculty members have served in National and international organization including the Government of Nigeria, Indian Council of Agricultural Research etc.
- Major emphasis would be laid on natural resource management through generation of environment friendly technologies.
- Low input-cost technologies like zero tillage, bed planting use of leaf colours, etc. Shall receive increased emphasis for all crops.
- Research on management and recycling of crop residues and agricultural byproducts.
- Technology for cultivation of aromatic and medicinal plants and organic farming would be developed.
- Participatory research with involvement of farmers and end-users to develop commercially acceptable technologies.
- Application of Geographical Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) for precision farming and management of natural resources.
- Development of irrigation water saving technology for improving the water use efficiency and water productivity.
|Dr. Ravi Nandan||Univ. Prof. & Chairmanfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Dr. Vinod Kumar||Chief Scientist||9431834083||Vinod_pusa@yahoo.com|
|Dr. J.P. Singh||Assoc. Professoremail@example.com|
|Dr. D.K. Roy||Sr. Scientistfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Dr. S.K. Choudhary||Sr. Scientistemail@example.com|
|Dr. Rajan Kumar||Jr. Scientistfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Mr. Dharmindar||Jr. Scientistemail@example.com|
|Dr. Devendra Singh||Chief Scientistfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Dr. K.K. Sinha||Chief Scientistemail@example.com|
|Dr. M. Kumar||Chief. Scientistfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Dr. I.B. Pandey||Chief. Scientistemail@example.com|
|Dr. D.K. Dwivedi||Sr. Scientistfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Dr. Vikram Bharati||Jr. Scientistemail@example.com|
|Dr. R.S. Singh||Jr. Scientistfirstname.lastname@example.org|
The department of Agronomy is sharing the major load of teaching of College of Agriculture at Dholi. As per the 4th Dean’s Committee recommendations of ICAR, the department is offering 10 undergraduate compulsory courses and 02 electives in the B.Sc. (Ag.) programme. For postgraduate programme the department is offering 13 and 09 courses in M.Sc. and Ph.D., respectively. At post-graduate level, the major areas of specialization are crop production, irrigation, weed control, cropping systems and farming systems. The department has updated its course curriculum from time to time in the light of latest developments in the field of agronomy and courses in emerging areas like dryland farming, weed resistance management, integrated weed management, sustainable agriculture, farming system, organic farming, crop weather forecasting etc. have been included in curriculum. Course contents have been revised under the guidelines of 4th Dean’s Committee. Common Academic Regulations recommend by ICAR has been implement.
The department has a research goal of enhancing productivity and profitability of various crops and cropping systems on ecologically sustainable basis through efficient management of resources. The crop management research focus has been on the refinement of various agronomic practices on regional basis such as optimum sowing schedule, tillage needs, crop geometry, nutrient needs, weed management and irrigation schedules to increase productivity of different crops in the state Several research projects sponsored by various national and international agencies are operative in the department.
The department of Agronomy is actively engaged in conducting problem-oriented research on agronomy of different field crops in Bihar state and is responsible for perfecting production technologies of these crops, effective weed control and developing suitable cropping and farming systems. It has well established and equipped research farms and laboratories for conducting research on crop physiology, weed management, water management, cropping systems and rainfed agriculture. On the basis of research work done in department, improved technologies for field crops have been recommended for different zones of the State. The department takes the responsibility of generating production technologies for the important crops like rice, maize, wheat, rapeseed and mustard, pulses, potato etc.
RESEARCH PROJECTS IN OPERATION
|1.||AICRP on Rice||2.||All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Project|
|3.||AICRP on Maize||4.||AICRP on Pigeonpea|
|5.||AICRP on Chickpea||6.||AICRP on MULLaRP|
|7.||AICRP on Repeseed & Mustard||8.||AICRP on Sunflower|
|9.||AICRP of Tuber||10.||AICRP on Potato|
|11.||AICRP on Water Management||12.||AICRP on Weed Control|
|13.||AICRP on Forage crops (testing centre)||14.||Popularization of short duration mungbean cultivator for poverty elevation and improved nutrition in Bihar funded by-AVRDC, Taiwan|
|15.||Stress Tolerant Rice for Asia and South Africa (STRASA) Project funded by-BMGF & IRRI||16.||International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFDA) Project funded by- IRRI|
|17.||Improved Rainfed Rice Agriculture System (IRRAS) Project funded by- BMGF & IRRI|
RESEARCH PROJECTS COMPLETED
- Promotion and dissemination of Boro rice technology in target areas.
- Influence of crop residues conservation, tillage system and management practices on Soil health and system funded by productivity.
- Popularization and dissemination of sustainable farming system model under changing climatic condition for upliftment of small and marginal farmers.
- D. Mackill from IRRI along with Dr. A. N. singh, consultant IRRI visited demonstration plots in Samhota village under West Champaran district on 11 April 2011 to see the demonstrations conducted by the Agronomist and to interact with growers about Stress tolerance rice varieties.
- Ismail Abdelbagi from IRRI, Dr. U. S. Singh from IRRI visited demonstration fields in Tilak Tajpur of Sitamarhi District on 04th October, 2012 to get feedback from growers of Stress tolerance rice varieties and also visited RAU to discuss with Director Research and Associated Scientiest.
- Bermingson (USA), Dr. Stephen Haefele, Agronomist, IRRI, Dr Brian Lav, BMGF, Dr. A.K. Agnihotri consultant IRRI, Dr Sudhanshu Singh, Scientist IRRI participated in the seminar on Strees Tolerance Rice Varieties for Asia and South Africa organized under STRASA Project at RAU, Pusa during 18th February 2012.
- Alistair Pask, Scientist from CIMMYT, Mexico visited in the department on 11.04.2012 and delivered seminar on wheat physiology.
- Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Bihar for dissemination of various agro-technologies.
- Gandak Area Development Authority (GADA) for management of sodic soil in relation to water management.
- CIMMYT-BISA for technology development with respect to wheat and maize research.
- Projects are linked and collaborated with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines for popularization of stress tolerant rice variety, design and development of rainfed rice based cropping systems under stress conditions.
- Directorate of Weed Science Research, Jabalpur.
- Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad.
- Directorate of Maize Research, New Delhi.
- Directorate of Oilseed Research, Hyderabad.
- Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur.
Technologies for management of weeds in different crops/ cropping systems have been developed and tested with emphasis to the conditions of North Bihar. For details of the developed technology click here.
Measures for control of Parthenium (Parthenium hyterophorus)
Chemical measures: Application of Glyphosate 1 % or Metribuzine 0.3 % solution before flowering stage are quite effective for controlling Parthenium weed in agricultural land.
Biological measures: Mexican beetle (Zygrogramma bicolorata) should be released on the Parthenium weed during rainy season.
Cultural measures: Uprooting of Parthenium before its flowering should be done to minimize its population which could be utilized in compost preparation. Plantation of marigold plant may be done to check the population of Parthenium weed nearby residential areas or Cassia tora in the area covered by Parthenium.